After a rough winter, spring has finally arrived and the long-awaited gardening season is finally in full swing. If you are new to gardening endeavor, I encourage you to give it a shot! There's no time like the present. 🙂
I put together a few gardening tips so that you can have a successful first season. These basic tips are the things I wish I had known when I first started.
1. Start small.
It can be tempting to purchase more than you can manage, especially when browsing through transplants at the local nursery or flipping through the latest seed catalog. It's a lot of fun to sow seeds and tend plants in the spring, but it can get overwhelming in the summer heat, when pests, weeds, and drought all descend upon your garden.
So, don't plan to grow your entire food supply, at least not during your first season! Plant a small, easily-manageable garden, and choose a few crops. Grow what you and your family enjoy eating. If rhubarb isn't a favorite, stick with something you know will be popular on your table. Grow a variety instead of limiting yourself to vegetables: include herbs and some easy annuals like flowers, to grace your kitchen table.
2. Ask for advice.
The internet is a great place to gather information, but it is also a good idea to talk, face-to-face, with other gardeners in your area. Get in touch with a local gardening club and/or contact your local extension office, which usually offers many free materials and services pertinent to your particular zone.
My extension has a hotline where homeowners can call in with gardening questions. During the spring gardening season, free classes are offered covering a variety of gardening topics. See if your local extension offers the same.
Additionally, build up a gardening library so you can seek the “advice” of books! Some of my favorites are The Vegetable Gardener's Bible by Edward C. Smith, Square Foot Gardening by Mel Bartholomew, and Carrots Love Tomatoes by Louise Riotte. Periodicals such as GRIT and Mother Earth News frequently offer gardening advice suitable for beginners.
3. Choose varieties well suited for your area.
Every region has its own particular challenges, whether they are pests, soil problems, or tricky weather conditions. Your friend in the Pacific Northwest might have a favorite melon variety you'd like to try, but you may not get the same results in your southern garden.
While it is good to experiment with different crops and different varieties, I recommend sticking with those specifically recommended for your area — at least when you first start a garden. This will give you a feel for starting seeds or transplants, fertilization, dealing with pests and weeds, harvesting, and saving seeds. Proven varieties will also better ensure your likelihood of success, and honestly, there's nothing better than success to encourage you to take your newfound skill to the next level.
4. Choose crops that are easy to grow.
Ambition is great, but don't choose an espaliered apple tree as your first gardening project. You may want to consider using established transplants instead of starting seeds.
If you do choose to go the transplant route, I recommend you purchase from a local nursery. Big box stores do have a large variety at a lower price, but the plants have most likely been grown elsewhere and shipped in. Those grown locally have been selected for and acclimated to your climate. Knowledgeable staff at the nursery are also able to advise you in your choices.
In my opinion, the easiest crops to grow from seed are lettuce, radishes, zucchini, marigolds, zinnias, and sunflowers. These crops take off pretty quickly and are easily cared for once established.
Crops such as tomatoes and peppers are started from seed indoors, hardened off, and then set outside. This is a lot to ask from a new gardener and for this reason I recommend purchasing transplants. Herbs are fun to grow, but many also require additional care when started from seed. I advise purchasing these as transplants as well.
Other garden favorites such as roses, berry bushes, and fruit trees make wonderful additions to your garden, but again, I advise waiting until you have a few growing seasons under your belt.
5. Make sure you know your first and last hard frost date, and the proper times for planting crops.
As a new gardener I had no idea what a “last hard frost” was, let alone why it was important. I also had no idea that there were cool season crops and warm season crops, and in my zone that they don't always grow together at the same time. I figured if the weather was warm, it was okay to plant. In my first garden, the lettuce was planted weeks too late and my tomatoes way too early. If you don't already know this information, consult the Farmers' Almanac or again, get in touch with your county extension office.
Are you new to gardening? What are you planning to try this spring?
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